Implementation of Islamic Economic Systems in Poverty Reduction (Case Study in Sorong City, West Papua, Indonesia)

  • Muhammad Irfan Efendi Universitas Terbuka indonesia
  • Elin Herlinawati Universitas Terbuka

Abstract

The evaluation of the poverty alleviation program in Sorong City has not been carried out optimally. This can be seen from the percentage of poor people since 2015 which has only decreased by 0,07% -1,93% per year even in 2016 it has increased by 0,29%. The implementation of the program has not been effective due to the lack of optimal management of funds as a special autonomous region and the limitations of social assistance funds in the Local Government Budget (APBD). Therefore, other sources of assistance are needed that can be used as a driver of poverty alleviation. One of them is through zakat, infaq, shodaqoh, and waqf (ZISWAF) which was adopted from the Islamic economic system. This study examines the application of Islamic economics in improving the welfare of the population in Sorong City, especially the poor. The research was conducted based on statistical data related to poverty and the Gini ratio from the Statistics Indonesia (BPS), APBD, and ZISWAF funds from the National Amil Zakat Agency (BAZNAS) in Sorong City. With the acceptance of ZISWAF, the high income of the community will be distributed to the low society so that it can improve welfare.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Abdalla, Salma Mohamed Abdulmunim. 2017. Charity Drops. Berlin & Zurich: Lit Verlag
Adiwijaya, Zainal Alim & Edy Suprianto. 2020. Good governance of zakat institutions: A literature review. Journal of Southwest Jiaotong University, 55 (2), pp: 1-7. DOI: https://doi.org/10.35741/issn.0258-2724.55.2.38
Aminudin, Muhammad, and Hadiningrum, Lila. 2019. Pengelolaan ZIS Dalam Upaya Meningkatkan Kesejahteraan Masyarakat Dan Penanggulangan Kemiskinan (Studi Deskriftif dan Preskriptif di BAZNAS Kabupaten/Kota di Eks-Karesidenan Surakarta). ZISWAF : Jurnal Zakat dan Wakaf Vol 6(1), pp: 80-100. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21043/ziswaf.v6i1.5612.
Asutay, Mehmet. 2007. A Political Economy Approach to Islamic Economics: Systemic Understanding for an Alternative Economic System. Kyoto Bulletin of Islamic Area Studies, 1(2), pp: 3-18.
Donna, D. R. 2008. Penerapan Wakaf Tunai pada Lembaga Keuangan Publik Islam. Journal of Islamic Business and Economics, Vol. 1(1).
Falah, Noor LZ., et al. 2016. Strategi Marketing Dompet Duafha dalam Peningkatan Kepercayaan Muzakki. Tadbir: Jurnal Manajemen Dakwah, 1(2), pp: 155-171. DOI 10.15575/TADBIR.V1I2.133.
Ganiyev, Avazbek & Ziyodilla Zinatullayev. 2020. Tax And Zakat Collection System Of The Bukhara Emirate During The 19th Century. Theoretical & Applied Science 90 (10), pp: 313-317. DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.15863/TAS.2020.10.90.53
Indahsari, K., Burhan, M. U., Ashar, K., dan Multifiah. 2014. Determinants of individual Muslim behaviour in accomplishing Zakah, Infaq, Shadaqah and Waqf through amil institution. International Journal of Economic Policy in Emerging Economies, 7(4), 346-365.
Kailani, Najib, & Martin Slama. 2020. Accelerating Islamic charities in Indonesia: zakat, sedekah and the immediacy of social media. South East Asia Research 28 (1), pp: 70-86. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/0967828X.2019.1691939
Kuran, T. 1995. Islamic Economics and the Islamic Subeconomy. The Journal of Economic Perspective, 9(4).
Latief, Nur Fitry. 2019. Accounting for Zakat and Infaq (Sadaqah) at Badan Amil Zakat Nasional (BAZNAS) in North Sulawesi, Indonesia. International Journal of Accounting & Finance in Asia Pasific (IJAFAP) 2 (2), pp: 1-9.
Noh, Mohd Shahid Bin Mohd. 2021. The Economic Thought of Syeikh al Mutawalli Al-Sya'rawi from His Book of'Tafsir Al-Sya'rawi'. IQTISHODUNA: Jurnal Ekonomi Islam 10 (2), pp: 1-17 . DOI: https://doi.org/10.36835/iqtishoduna.v10i2.1007
Nurhasanah, Rizka. 2018. Pengaruh Zakat Produktif Terhadap Tingkat Pendapatan Mustahik (Studi di Kp Cilowong Kel Cibendung Kec Taktakan Kota Serang). Unpublished thesis. Kota Serang: UIN Sultan Maulana Hasanuddin Banten.
Suryaningsih, Sri Abidah. 2020. Women Workers and Professional Zakat Literations. IQTISHODUNA: Jurnal Ekonomi Islam 9 (2), pp: 247-258. DOI: https://doi.org/10.36835/iqtishoduna.v9i2.680
Ummah, KA., et al. 2018. Pola Implementasi Alokasi ZISWAF dalam Penyediaan Akses Pendidikan bagi Kaum Duafa. Jurnal Ekonomi dan Bisnis Islam, 3(2), pp: 247-257. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15548/jebi.v3i2.183
Widaryatmo, et al. 2020. Modul Pengantar SEPAKAT (Sistem Perencanaan, Penganggaran, Pemantauan, Evaluasi, dan Analisis Kemiskinan Terpadu). Jakarta: Direktorat Penanggulangan Kemiskinan dan Pemberdayaan Masyarakat Kedeputin BIdang Kependudukan dan Ketenagakerjaan Kementrian PPN/Bappenas.
Younus, Tareq Shareef & Reyaz Ahmad. 2021. "Zakat Management and Economic Sustainability: United Arab Emirates Model." in Impact of Zakat on Sustainable Economic Development. Pennsylvania: IGI Global
----------. 2010. Presidential Regulation (Perpres) No. 15 of 2010 concerning the Acceleration of Poverty Reduction.
----------. 2010. Ministerial Regulation (Permen) No. 42 of 2010 concerning the Institutional Structure and Work Mechanism of the Regional Poverty Reduction Coordination Team (TKPK)
https://money.kompas.com/read/2020/08/19/095216326/mengenal-dana-otonomi khusus-papua?page=all (accessed on 14 November 2020)
https://papua.antaranews.com/berita/511900/bpk-pemanfaatan-dana-otonomi khusus-papua-barat-belum-optimal (accessed on 14 November 2020)
https://sorongkota.bps.go.id/ (accessed on 13 November 2020)
https://djpk.kemenkeu.go.id/ (accessed on 20 November 2020)
Published
2022-04-01
How to Cite
EFENDI, Muhammad Irfan; HERLINAWATI, Elin. Implementation of Islamic Economic Systems in Poverty Reduction (Case Study in Sorong City, West Papua, Indonesia). IQTISHODUNA: Jurnal Ekonomi Islam, [S.l.], v. 11, n. 1, p. 97-110, apr. 2022. ISSN 2443-0056. Available at: <https://ejournal.iaisyarifuddin.ac.id/index.php/iqtishoduna/article/view/966>. Date accessed: 04 oct. 2022. doi: https://doi.org/10.54471/iqtishoduna.v11i1.966.
Section
Artikel